PHP Locale Dates Adventure

About a week ago i was working on a twitter widget for a website. This required some dates to be displayed in Dutch. And i found out the hard way my knowledge on this has faded away over time.

So the code i was working on. Did something like this.

$date = date('D M d H:i:s Y', strtotime($someVar));

My thought was that by setting the correct locale the dates would appear in the correct language. Wrong!

date_default_timezone_set('Europe/Amsterdam');
setlocale(LC_ALL, 'nl_NL.utf8');

After a reload i was greeted by the same dates as before. In plain English. Oke no worries. Let’s see what setlocale returns.

var_dump(setlocale(LC_ALL, 'nl_NL.utf8'));

bool(false)

That’s not good. Seems like we are missing some locales on the server. Let’s check.

locale -a

  • en_AG
  • en_AG.utf8
  • en_AU.utf8
  • en_BW.utf8
  • en_CA.utf8
  • en_DK.utf8
  • en_GB.utf8
  • en_HK.utf8
  • en_IE.utf8
  • en_IN
  • en_IN.utf8
  • en_NG
  • en_NG.utf8
  • en_NZ.utf8
  • en_PH.utf8
  • en_SG.utf8
  • en_US.utf8
  • en_ZA.utf8
  • en_ZW.utf8

And some more output after that. But not the one i am looking for. But thankfully aptitude was kind enough to provide the missing language packages.

  • nl_NL
  • nl_NL@euro
  • nl_NL.iso88591
  • nl_NL.iso885915@euro
  • nl_NL.utf8

So let’s set the correct locale for this script.

setlocale(LC_ALL, 'nl_NL.utf8');

But still no changes. I must be missing something….. Let’s consult the manual. The last line in the examples section is what i was looking for

To format dates in other languages, you should use the setlocale() and strftime() functions instead of date().

Duuh! Completely forgot about strftime. Let’s change the code.

strftime('%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y', strtotime($somevar));

ma aug 15 14:55:06 2011

Perfect. That did it.

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